Media Dialogue on Hypertension Management and Elimination of Trans Fatty Acid in Telangana

Media Dialogue on Hypertension Management and Elimination of Trans Fatty Acid in Telangana

Media Dialogue on Hypertension Management and Elimination of Trans Fatty Acid in Telangana

Consumer VOICE along with MD NICHE organised a workshop in Hotel Hyatt, Hyderabad on 25th September, 2019 to sensitize the media in Telangana on managing Hypertension and Cardiovascular Diseases. The workshop also highlighted the importance and the role of Telangana government in regulating and eliminating trans fats from food items.

While delivering the keynote address, Smt Shanti Kumari, Principal Secretary (Health, Family Welfare) and Food Safety Commissioner, highlighted the three pronged strategy adopted by the state government. It included early screening of Hypertension among the masses through the outreach program and then followed by dispensation of secondary and tertiary medical care. The workshop was also addressed by Dr K Shankar, Director, Food Safety, Telangana and Dr Gangadhar Taduri, at NIMS Hyderabad & Technical Advisor to Minister of Health, Telangana. Both made informative presentations highlighting the efforts of state government on regulating trans fats, which has become a silent killer all over the world.

The technical session was addressed by Dr K. Sarat Chandra and Dr (Col) Sitaram, senior cardiologists in Hyderabad and nutrition experts Dr. Kamala Krishnaswamy Ex Director NIN and Dr Eram S Rao, University of Delhi. They highlighted the rising number of deaths due to Non Communicable Diseases (NCDs) in India which has increased from 37% in 1999 to 61% in 2016. Over 77,000 deaths annually occur due to trans fat consumption. Consumption of trans fat should be the major cause of concern for Indian policy makers coming from Health and food sector. The workshop also highlighted possible solutions for industries to replace trans fatty acids from the Indian market. The noted speakers also spoke about the role of changing lifestyle and including physical activities in our daily routine and changing our food habits for reducing the burden of NCDs such as Hypertension and Cardio Vascular Diseases (CVDs).

Hypertension – How to say goodbye to hypertension

Hypertension – How to say goodbye to hypertension

Hypertension – How to say goodbye to hypertension

Hypertension which is a lifestyle disease is now rampant in many countries. It is usually a result of excessive intake of saturated fatty acids and trans fatty acids, along with higher consumption of salt and sugar. All these collectively increase the risk factors for cardiovascular diseases including hypertension. . Hypertension is a condition associated with increased risk for stroke, cardiac failure, renal failure and peripheral vascular disease.

Here are some facts about hypertension that are listed by WHO

  • Hypertension is a major cause of premature death worldwide.
  • In 2015, 1 in 4 men and 1 in 5 women had hypertension.
  • Fewer than 1 in 5 people with hypertension have the problem under control.
  • One of the global targets for non-communicable diseases is to reduce the prevalence of hypertension by 25% by 2025 (baseline 2010).

(ref: https://www.who.int/news-room)

Some of the important factors that contribute to increased risk of hypertension are unhealthy diet and physical inactivity. People who are insufficiently physically active have a 20–30% increased risk of all-cause mortality compared to those who engage in at least 30 minutes of moderate intensity.
(Source: https://www.who.int/nmh/publications/ncd_report_chapter1.pdf)

How can we reduce hypertension?

Hypertension needs to be checked to reduce mortality rate. One of the best ways of doing so is having a healthy diet through managing weight, limiting alcohol and sodium intake, and increasing consumption of vegetable, fruit, whole grain and low-fat dairy products.

Early intervention

Keeping hypertension at bay begins as early as the breastfeeding stage. It has been seen that adults who were breastfed as babies often have lower blood pressure and lower cholesterol, as well as lower rates of overweight, obesity and type 2 diabetes as compared to those who weren’t.

Reduce salt intake

One should limit salt intake to not more than 5 grams of salt per day can which can result in a decline in both systolic and diastolic blood pressure of > 10 mmHg.

Reducing fat intake

Avoid animal fat, stick margarine, vegetable shortenings and commercial bakery and deep-fried foods. All these foods is said to contain trans fat which increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Reduce fat intake in general and avoid eating food rich in animal fat, such as red meat, processed meat and butter, and eat olive oil and fish oil instead.

Managing Stress

When one experiences stress, he or she is more likely to engage in other behaviors, such as increased consumption alcohol or eating unhealthy food. This can adversely affect blood pressure.

Several studies have explored how reducing stress can help lower blood pressure.

Listening to soothing music

Calming music can help relax your nervous system. Research has shown it’s an effective complement to other blood pressure therapies.

Work less

Working a lot, and under stressful circumstances can lead to high blood pressure.

Quit Smoking

Every puff of cigarette smoke causes a slight, temporary increase in blood pressure. Smoking is not only makes people prone to cancer but also increases the blood pressure level.

Weight management

Maintain a healthy body weight (For most adults, an ideal body mass index is in the range of18.5 to 24.9 ). Exercising regularly is a good way of keeping body weight in control.

Also Read:

Daily Food Intake
Avoid these 5 foods which are rich in trans fat